Forces loyal to Machar were blamed for a 1991 massacre of ethnic Dinkas in the town of Bor. He says the deputy would attempt to undermine Kiir. Unity refinery to start production next year — Nilepet, South Sudan adopts new time zone – Makuei, Journalists walk out of SPLM supposed press briefing, Ethiopian army kills ex-S.Sudan peace mediator Seyoum Mesfin, New Wau revenue authority director disappears on reporting day, UNHCR’s Special Envoy for Horn of Africa talks refugees, peace in S.Sudan, Uganda: Museveni declared winner of 2021 presidential election, Reconciliation conference underway in Terekeka. A senior analyst with Brussels-based think tank International Crisis Group, Alan Boswell, said the disagreement between Kiir and Machar endangered the gains made so far toward a lasting peace. https://www.voanews.com/africa/what-triggered-kiir-machar-rift-south-sudan Salva Kiir Mayardit (born 20 August 1951), also known as Salva Kiir, is a South Sudanese politician who has been President of South Sudan since its independence in 2011. Thousands Flee S. Sudan Town as Government Troops Advance, South Sudan Peace Talks Stuck on Issue of Detainees, Uganda's S. Sudan Involvement Sparks Controversy, Amid South Sudan Fighting, One Rebel Leader Seeks Peace, US Marks 400th Anniversary of Arrival of First Africans, The Dragon's Reach - China's Economic Power Play. “In light of the predicament the country is in, the demand of the people that South Sudan has a better chance of a successful political transition if President Kiir and Dr. Machar were to step aside, is quite understandable,” the report added. The report also recommended that none of the four vice presidents in the unity government should take part in the coming elections, although they can participate in future elections. While the war had political origins, it also has ethnic undertones and is based on power dynamics. Une exigence rejetée par Salva Kiir. A face-to-face meeting between South Sudan President Salva Kiir Mayardit and opposition leader Dr Riek Machar has been adjourned, Chimp Corps report. Make a monthly or a one off contribution. According to the National Dialogue Steering Committee, the transitional period under the revitalized peace agreement is not succeeding. The much-publicised return to the capital of Riek Machar, former rebel and South Sudan’s first vice president, should symbolise a positive, working relationship with his rival, President Salva Kiir. On elections, the National Dialogue recommends the non-participation of President Kiir and Dr. Machar. Riek Machar..... you can never arrest me or try and see? Both are former rebel leaders who rose to power during Sudan's 1983-2005 civil war between north and south, after which South Sudan seceded in 2011 to … Chan Dhel disclosed to Eye Radio that members of the SPLM party in the National Dialogue Steering Committee have rejected the final report for including public views that call for the two leaders to step aside. He formed a splinter group composed mostly of ethnic Nuers. Both are former rebel leaders who rose to power during Sudan's 1983-2005 civil war between north and south, after which South Sudan seceded in 2011 to form the world's youngest country. Jok says the tensions began when Machar started envisioning himself as a more fitting leader in what was then the semi-autonomous region of southern Sudan. The leaders may even be struggling to control their own troops. President Kiir and Dr Riek Machar Finally Agree on Gubernatorial States Allocation 1 min read. 5 May 2019. On July 23, 2016, less than two weeks after Kiir and Machar declared ceasefires to end the fighting in Juba, Kiir appointed then-Minister of Mining Taban Deng Gai, the former lead opposition negotiator in the peace talks, to replace Machar as First Vice President. In 2018, President Kiir and his former Vice-President and long-time political rival, Mr. Machar, signed a peace accord with the hopes that it would end the crisis and improve the lives and safety of … Dr Machar said, by clinging onto these administrative areas, Kiir was opening a “Pandora’s box.” facilitate the process and to develop the agenda of the dialogue. Salva Kiir (L), President of South Sudan, and Riek Machar (R), SPLM Opposition leader, hold the hands of two clergymen during the opening prayer of the press conference of the signing of Cessation of Hostilities over the war in South Sudan on May 9, 2014 in Addis Ababa. Le Soudan du Sud est frappé depuis le 15 décembre par de violents combats qui menacent de dégénérer en guerre civile. Eye Radio is a product of Eye Media Limited. People want both President Salva Kiir and Dr. Riek Machar to step down for the country to have a successful transition, the National Dialogue report has recommended. I also appeal to the people of Dinka and Nuer to forgive one another," said Kiir. Furthermore, the report says the two leaders must commit not to extend the current Transitional Period and that there needs to be an elected government at the end of the three years. South Sudan's President Salva Kiir and arch-rival Riek Machar, his sacked vice-president, have spent the past 20 months locked in combat. country from disintegration and foreign intervention; and usher in a new era of peace, security, stability, and prosperity. "So, we know that that is something that is certainly salient on his mind as well as the minds of many other South Sudanese." Kiir and Machar are also yet to agree on who administers three controversial areas of Pibor, Ruweng and Abyei created by the president of the country ravaged by war since 2013. The talks were planned for today Tuesday in Uganda’s capital, Kampala. If you want to get to the core of the friction between Kiir and Machar, you have to go back at least five years. South Sudan’s former vice president and opposition leader Riek Machar arrived in the country’s capital, Juba, on Monday to begin a series of face-to-face meetings with President Salva Kiir as they look to give much-needed impetus to the implementation of The report stated that South Sudanese at the grassroots — it consulted are deeply aware of the leadership failure and the political deadlock which has dogged this country for a long time. Malek Cook-Dwach: The Man Who Replaced Dr Riek Machar as MP for Leer at the National Legislative Assembly in 2016 “Döm Cuar Ku Tit Röt”: President Kiir, the Victim of a Square Peg in a Round Hole; How Oil Exploration and Exploitation is Destroying Pristine Landscapes in South Sudan Soliman says South Sudan's leadership is also beginning to feel the pressures of generational change, which may include moving away from the military-style leaders who ushered the nation into existence. The three leaders have described Amb Telar as a “liberator.” Telar who was also the former South […] Further, they say if the two leaders decide to stay on until the end of the Transitional Period, the unity government should be dissolved three months before the next elections. The report says one of the options is to consider the stepping down of the two leaders immediately — if it is acceptable to the people and both leaders. “The report was rejected by members of the steering committee who are imminent people because they think that report should talk about the whole work of national dialogue from the beginning up to the end of the process. The rift between South Sudan's President Salva Kiir and former deputy Riek Machar has deep roots that reach back to the period before the nation's creation in 2011. But should not include some resolutions that came out from the grassroots consultation like the issue of the president.”. Kiir and Machar – who lives in exile – are under increasing international pressure to resolve their differences by a February 22 deadline. South Sudan President Salva Kiir and SPLM-IO leader Dr. Riek Machar Teny [Photo via Getty Images] KHARTOUM – South Sudan President, Salva Kiir Mayardit, and his first deputy, Dr. Riek Machar Teny, will both arrive in the Sudanese capital Khartoum on Sunday morning to attend the Sudanese peace celebration, presidential security advisor Tutkew Gatluak said. Kiir demands that Machar signs a letter of undertaking for Olony to be appointed. In February 2020, Machar was resworn as vice president following a peace agreement with Salva Kiir, the current President of South Sudan. The President also appointed the Steering committee to facilitate this process of credible personalities and consensus builders to "President Kiir has been drawing on those memories and referencing them, even in his public statements," Kumar said. https://www.sudanspost.com/national-dialogue-disowns-anti-kiir-machar-report Prior to independence, he was President of the Government of Southern Sudan, as well as First Vice President of Sudan, from 2005 to 2011. JUBA - After meeting for three hours Wednesday at South Sudan's State House, President Salva So says Jok Madut Jok, the head of the Sudd Institution, a South Sudan think tank. The leader of the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement/Army in Opposition (SPLM/A-IO), former Vice President Riek Machar, arrived in Juba on September 9, 2019 to meet with President Salva Kiir in an attempt to work out outstanding issues inhibiting the implementation of the September 2018 peace agreement known as the revitalized agreement on the resolution of the conflict in South Sudan … June 17, 2020 (JUBA) - President Salva Kiir and his first deputy Riek Machar Wednesday have stuck a deal on the allocation of the 10 states in South Sudan ending a three-month stalemate. "The ministry of defense has this declaration of ceasefire by the Sudan People Liberation Army towards forces of David Yau Yau following the progress of negotiations that have been on-going for the last three months," South Sudanese Army spokesman Philip Aguer said…. Small talk between President kiir and Riek Machar. But the government's unity attempt has faltered. Jok says Machar and some of the other party members became more openly critical of Kiir after he dismissed them in a July 2013 Cabinet purge. Kiir and Machar fought side-by-side during the north-south conflict but, at some points, they also fought against each other. Les forces gouvernementales fidèles au président Salva Kiir y affrontent les rebelles. He is also the head of the rebel faction known as SPLM-IOthat was founded in 2014 following the 2013 war outbreak and has been historically in opposition to Kiir. This, they say is a clear indication that the revitalized agreement is already failing. Machar was sacked as vice president in 2013 and later accused of plotting a coup against Kiir, kickstarting a civil war characterised by violence, rape and UN warnings of ethnic cleansing. Ce fut leur deuxième rencontre en face à face. UN representatives reported heavy exchanges of gunfire near their headquarters in the suburb of Jebel. The two disagree over who will run South Sudan's states and how to integrate different fighting forces. President Kiir and Dr. Machar hold talks in Khartoum | File photo . The report says: “No transition or arrangement in which President Kiir and Dr. Riek Machar take part together will succeed. Machar is in Juba for a visit to hold talks with Kiir as both leaders seek to end the bottlenecks over the number of states and security arrangements impede the formation of coalition government. Both men kept their leadership positions in the ruling party, the Sudan People's Liberation Movement (SPLM), when the country gained independence in 2011. The President’s stated objectives for the National Dialogue were to end violent conflicts; reconstitute political consensus; save the Le président du Soudan du Sud, Salva Kiir et le chef de l'opposition, le Riek Machar, se sont rencontrés le 11 septembre 2019 à Juba. Chapter Five of the 2018 peace deal signed by Kiir, Machar and other parties calls for healing and reconciliation, besides establishment of a hybrid court to try war crimes committed during the more than six years of conflict that broke out on Dec. 15, 2013. Akshaya Kumar is a South Sudan policy analyst with the Enough Project, a group that fights to end genocide and crimes against humanity. The second option, it suggests, is for President Kiir and Dr. Riek Machar to continue with the precarious transition as provided for in the revitalized peace agreement and they should agree not to run in the next elections after the transitional period. The East African (Nairobi) analysis By Fred Oluoch. "An opening up of the party to enable challenges within the leadership would always, I think, entail some conflict. Civil war erupted in December 2013 after Kiir accused troops loyal to Machar of staging a failed coup. We believe that the most patriotic thing for them to do is to prepare for their exit from politics with the honor, dignity, and legacy of having been the founding fathers of the independent nation of South Sudan.”. On elections, the National Dialogue recommends the non-participation of President Kiir and Dr. Machar. À l’origine de ce conflit, une rivalité entre le président Sava Kiir et son ex-vice-président, Riek Machar… Le président du Soudan du Sud, Salva Kiir et le chef de l'opposition, le Riek Machar, se sont rencontrés le 11 septembre 2019 à Juba. Riek Machar continue de refuser d'intégrer le futur gouvernement, exigeant des mesures de confiance supplémentaires. Hon. The peace deal was signed two years ago but not much has been accomplished. The first vice president has accused the SPLM in government of engaging in a series of ceasefire violations and creating a stalemate in the security sector reforms.. Dr. Riek Machar believes President Salva Kiir’s party is not discharging enough political will to implement parts of the revitalized peace deal. President Salva Kiir wants Dr. Riek Machar to sign an agreement –similar to an affidavit– that will make Machar answerable to any undesirable incident that may arise when Johnson Olony is appointed governor of Upper Nile state. "Riek Machar was brought in as vice president for the new South Sudan with the hope that he would be able to bring his significant power and constituency, both military and political, to the table to ensure that there would be a more cohesive national governing force," she said. However, when contacted, the deputy head of information and communication at the national dialogue secretariat said this particular report was discussed on Tuesday but was not agreed upon by the members. "Sometimes there would be agreement on issues or programs to be implemented and the vice president, being the top administrator in the country, would sometimes fail to implement what has been agreed upon," he said. Kumar says the two men initially tried to put their differences behind them to form a unity government. “There are people who are calling the president and his first vice president not to contest in the coming elections. South Sudan's President Salva Kiir and arch-rival Riek Machar, his sacked vice-president, have spent the past 20 months locked in combat. President Salva Kiir, second from right, and Vice President Riek Machar, second from left, after previous talks in November on a proposed unity government, which fell through. On VOA's Press Conference USA John Campbell, who is a veteran U.S. diplomat who is now at the Council on Foreign Relations, said it appears individual agendas have replaced unity. Salva Kiir Mayardit | president of South Sudan | Britannica The President gave the Steering Committee the power to take any additional steps to ensure the inclusivity and credibility of the Le chef rebelle Riek Machar et le président Salva Kiir promettent un gouvernement d’union pour le Sud Soudan d’ici la fin du mois de février, une échéance déjà repoussée par deux fois. Kiir and Machar are required to have agreed on a unity government by that time. Riek … The final national dialogue report was released this week a month after the national conference was held in Juba in October. President kiir..... would you Run to Congo again on foot? 7 March 2020 . Kiir also faced growing tensions within the SPLM, signs of which were evident throughout 2013 and culminated in an incident on December 15 that Kiir claimed was a coup attempt by his former vice president and SPLM rival, Riek Machar. President Museveni and Lt. General Abdel Fattah Al Burhan, Chairperson of the Sudanese Sovereign Council, who are grantors of Revitalized Agreement of … About Post Author. South Sudan’s former vice president and opposition leader Riek It suggested that a prominent national personality be chosen by parliament to take charge of the country until an elected government takes office. https://eyeradio.org/people-want-kiir-machar-to-step-aside-nd-report But huge distrust remains between Mr Kiir and Mr Machar and between their forces. Machar hugging Kiir at State House. A 2015 peace deal brought Machar back as vice president and he returned to Juba with heavy security. Salva Kiir Mayardit, also known as Salva Kiir, is a South Sudanese politician who has been President of South Sudan since its independence in 2011. "President Kiir had been accused extensively by a number of people that he fired back in July, including the former vice president, that he had been heavy-handed and undemocratic and developing dictatorial tendencies," he said. Between April and July 2016 Machar served as the First Vice President of South Sudan. You are here: Home  |  News   |   People want Kiir, Machar to “step aside” – ND report, Author: Jale Richard | Published: Thursday, December 17, 2020, President Salva Kiir and Dr. Riek Machar shake hands in Juba on Sept. 9, 2019 | credit | Garang Abraham/Eye Radio. The meeting took place in Machar's place in the country's capital, Juba. The second option, it suggests, is for President Kiir and Dr. Riek Machar to continue with the precarious transition as provided for in the revitalized peace agreement and they should agree not to run in the next elections after the transitional period. process. Machar denied the accusation but soon took lead of rebels fighting against Kiir and the SPLM-led government. Machar warned the three areas risked causing further problems, calling the issue a "Pandora's box". Divisions of power. President Kiir had accused Mr Machar of plotting a coup to overthrow him, which Mr Machar denied. "Very often, behind ethnic conflict, you will find various political figures that seek to exploit ethnic identities in order to advance their own particular political agenda," he said. President Salva Kiir, opposition leader Dr. Riek Machar, and the leader of the National Democratic Movement Dr. Lam Akol have separately sent their condolences to the family of the former South Sudan Ambassador to Russia, Telar Ring Deng. 7 months ago PaanLuel Wël . According to a copy of the document obtained by Eye Radio, the national dialogue steering committee says the two leaders must not take part in the elections if they are running against one another. “The report after the discussion was rejected by the members of the steering committee who are actually members of the SPLM party,” said Chan Dhel. A 2015 peace deal brought Machar back as vice president and he returned to Juba amid heavy security. President Salva Kiir and his first deputy Riek Machar have asked ministers to fight corruption as they rollout government programs. "And, I think there is at least some of that underway now in South Sudan." However, it suggests a carefully considered transition to avoid any resultant chaos, cautioning that an abrupt or poorly planned resignation of both of them could be destabilizing. “Grassroots they demand that both President Kiir and Dr. Riek Machar must leave politics if South Sudan is to ever move forward,” said the report. Support Eye Radio, the first independent radio broadcaster of news, information & entertainment in South Sudan. President Salva Kiir, right, and Riek Machar. Kiir: 'I and Machar have forgiven each other' Kiir made the comments while addressing a jubilant crowd during the peace celebration in the capital Juba on Wednesday. They include; End political and communal violence in the country; recommend how to properly transform the military; redefine and re-establish stronger national unity; restructure the state, and renew social contract between the citizens and their government. What Triggered the Kiir-Machar Rift in South Sudan? He added that the national dialogue’s final report will not be given to the president. Opposition leader Riek Machar and President Salva Kiir shake hands in Juba for the first time since 31 October last year. While the war had political origins, it also has ethnic undertones and is based on power dynamics. Twitter messages from UN humanitarian official Toby Lanzer in Bentiu say he saw 'virtually no civilians' in town center and that shops in main market have been looted, largely destroyed, Political solution to crisis remains elusive as neither side in the conflict will agree to budge on issue of political detainees, Lawmakers say government has not fully explained rationale for getting involved in South Sudan, might be better served by remaining neutral, As fighting continues between South Sudanese government troops and forces loyal to former Vice President Riek Machar, long-time rebel leader David Yau Yau has agreed to lay down arms, officials say. He was named Commander-in-Chief of the Sudan People's Liberation Army in 2005, following the death of John Garang. Kiir shake hands in Juba for the ungrateful now Riek Machar have asked ministers fight. Within the leadership would always, I think, entail some conflict in Machar 's place in the coming.! 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