Israel: Strategic Planning Unit. Tel Aviv and other Israeli cities continued to be hit by Scuds throughout the war, and every city in the Tel Aviv area except for Bnei Brak was hit. Tel Aviv's White City emerged in the 1930s, and became a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 2003. [26] The city was established around 1,800 BC at the latest. The statue of David Ben Gourion, the first Prime Minister of Israel, doing a headstand on the beach is a quirky sight. The market dates back to the 1920s and offers a little bit of everything: fresh fruit, vegetables, spices, dates the size of golf balls and glasses of freshly … [208][209] Among these are the Eretz Israel Museum, known for its collection of archaeology and history exhibits dealing with the Land of Israel, and the Tel Aviv Museum of Art. This is one of the highest points in Jaffa and the views from the gardens over the city are impressive. (p.26). Efforts are under way to refurbish Bauhaus buildings and restore them to their original condition.[148]. Tel Aviv, accommodating about 500,000 commuter cars daily, suffers from increasing congestion. [90][91] Al-Aqsa Martyrs Brigades claimed responsibility for the attack. The best areas to view these Bauhaus buildings are along Rothschild Boulevard and near the Cinema Hotel. TEL AVIV-YAFO MUNCIPILITY. Housed on the campus of Tel Aviv University is Beit Hatfutsot, a museum of the international Jewish diaspora that tells the story of Jewish prosperity and persecution throughout the centuries of exile. Archaeological evidence shows signs of human settlement there starting in roughly 7,500 BC. Studios of the international news channel i24news is located at Jaffa Port Customs House. The first suicide attack in Tel Aviv occurred on 19 October 1994, on the Line 5 bus, when a bomber killed 22 civilians and injured 50 as part of a Hamas suicide campaign. (2006) The Strategic Plan for Tel Aviv Yafo. Although founded in 1909 as a small settlement on the sand dunes north of Jaffa, Tel Aviv was envisaged as a future city from the start. [133], Tel Aviv's population reached a peak in the early 1960s at around 390,000, falling to 317,000 in the late 1980s as high property prices forced families out and deterred young couples from moving in. [102] Because of the expansion of Tel Aviv and the Gush Dan region, absolute borders between Tel Aviv and Jaffa and between the city's neighborhoods do not exist. The Israeli Interior Ministry is planning on eventually uniting the neighboring city of Bat Yam and Tel Aviv. [183] Opera and classical music performances are held daily in Tel Aviv, with many of the world's leading classical conductors and soloists performing on Tel Aviv stages over the years. [17][18], The Jewish population rose dramatically during the Fifth Aliyah after the Nazis came to power in Germany. Book your tickets online for the top things to do in Tel Aviv, Israel on Tripadvisor: See 350,654 traveller reviews and photos of Tel Aviv tourist attractions. Both freezing temperatures and snowfall are extremely rare in the city. Tel Aviv is a creative place, home to artists, art students and its fair share of boutique galleries. the Egged Bus Cooperative, Israels's largest bus company, provides intercity transportation.[229]. Tel Aviv is also famous for its beautiful churches and synagogues, such as the historic Great Synagogue which as stood its ground since the 1930s. There are over 4,000 examples of this architectural style in Tel Aviv. The intended builder and operator of the first line, MTS, has had financial difficulties that postponed the line's opening. Yael Arad, an athlete in Maccabi's judo club, won a silver medal in the 1992 Olympic Games.[212]. There are several bike sharing companies including Tel-O-Fun and Pole Position TLV, which also has electric bikes. [6][7] The city has the 31st highest cost of living in the world. [50] During World War II, Tel Aviv was hit by Italian airstrikes on 9 September 1940, which killed 137 people in the city.[51]. Tel Aviv’s very name was chosen to convey rebirth of the modern country of Israel, once the ancient Jewish homeland. Tel Aviv Municipality encourages the use of bicycles in the city. It is home to many museums, architectural and cultural sites, with city tours available in different languages. Plans called for expansion of the paths to 100 kilometers (62.1 mi) by 2009. The largest area for nightclubs is the Tel Aviv port, where the city's large, commercial clubs and bars draw big crowds of young clubbers from both Tel Aviv and neighboring cities. The Israel Trade Fairs & Convention Center, located in the northern part of the city, hosts more than 60 major events annually. It is estimated that over 400 restaurants in Tel Aviv are vegan or have vegan dishes on their menu. Tel Hashash and Tell Qudadi. [232] The line is being built instead by NTA—The Tel Aviv region's mass transit development authority. [139] Israel Meir Lau is Chief Rabbi of the city. Every house will have water from wells that will flow through pipes as in every modern European city, and also sewerage pipes will be installed for the health of the city and its residents. Central Tel Aviv is home to Azrieli Center and the important financial and commerce district along Ayalon Highway. Ramat Aviv, a district in the northern part of the city that is largely made up of luxury apartments and includes Tel Aviv University, is currently undergoing extensive expansion and is set to absorb the beachfront property of Sde Dov Airport after its decommissioning. Guests are greeted with a welcome drink and snacks in the stylish lobby. (Jer 31:4) Tel Aviv was planned as an independent Hebrew city with wide streets and boulevards, running water for each house, and street lights.[36]. [219] Several radio stations cover the Tel Aviv area, including the city-based Radio Tel Aviv.[220]. Its full name is Tel Aviv-Yafo, as the municipality includes Jaffa or Yafo, the historic sea port. The Israeli Ballet is also based in Tel Aviv. [28] The flag and city arms of Tel Aviv (see above) contain under the red Star of David 2 words from the biblical book of Jeremiah: "I (God) will build You up again and you will be rebuilt." [9][10] A "party capital" in the Middle East, it has a lively nightlife and 24-hour culture. Within two years, it had reached 160,000, which was over a third of Palestine's total Jewish population. [193][194][195] Tel Aviv has 44 hotels with more than 6,500 rooms. Is Tel Aviv good for scuba diving? Head Chef Harel Zakaim specializes in vegan shawarma dishes, or kebabs. Between 2007 and 2012, the city's population growth averaged 6.29 percent. Indeed, street artists, such as Dede, installation artists such as Sigalit Landau, and many others made the upbeat neighborhood their home base. Once Tel Aviv received city status in the 1920s, those neighborhoods joined the newly formed municipality, now becoming separated from Jaffa. Israeli food is extremely varied and healthy. In January 2008, Tel Aviv's municipality established the city's LGBT Community centre, providing all of the municipal and cultural services to the LGBT community under one roof. During the operation, a bomb blast on a bus wounded at least 28 civilians, three seriously. Theaters, dance centers, and concert halls are found across the city. [21][46], Tel Aviv began to develop as a commercial center. [63] Tel Aviv soon began to emerge as a global high-tech center. [58], In the 1970s, the apparent sense of Tel Aviv's urban decline became a theme in the work of novelists such as Yaakov Shabtai, in works describing the city such as Sof Davar (The End of Things) and Zikhron Devarim (The Memory of Things). It decided not to allow the construction of any additional skyscrapers in the city center, while at the same time greatly increasing the construction of skyscrapers in the east. Friction during the 1936–39 Arab revolt led to the opening of a local Jewish port, Tel Aviv Port, independent of Jaffa, in 1938. including historic buildings such as the Great Synagogue, established in the 1930s. [53], The boundaries of Tel Aviv and Jaffa became a matter of contention between the Tel Aviv municipality and the Israeli government in 1948. The facade of this beachfront hotel is a popular photo spot. The ancient port of Jaffa is one of the oldest in the world and still used by fishermen today. 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